Countries like Indonesia that offer an endless number of opportunities for their visitors to explore a wide variety of amazing species sometimes may include pretty dangerous and threatening encounters. Even though most of the people coming to Indonesia enjoy discovering the diversity of its fauna, there are some species that you maybe don’t want to bump into.
Some of these species, that may make your stay in Indonesia pretty uncomfortable if you approach them, definitely are the snakes, and in this article, we will warn you which types of snakes you should stay away from, and not only that – we’ll provide you with some basic tips on how to react if you have been bitten.
Poisonous snakes in Indonesia
Among the snakes in Indonesia that belong to approximately 450 different sorts, not many of them are really dangerous, but the low percentage of these that are dangerous is compensated by the fact that they can leave really nasty consequences on your health if they are not treated well. Some of the snakes that you should avoid if you notice them are listed below.
Snakes that belong to the family of cobras can be separated into two groups. „The urban ones“ habituating the populated area are the Black Spitting Cobras, and these that prefer to habituate the rice fields named the King Cobras. No matter where you find them, they won’t act friendly if you make them feel that they are in danger. These snakes are easily noticed by the following features:
- they can be pretty long – up to four meters
- their color can vary among the olive, brown and black shades
- they have a specific frontal shape, with a special hood that cannot be missed when they rise
Even though the both types are pretty dangerous, the one you should run away from is the Spitting Cobra, that can be found in the area of Jakarta. It is infamous because it can spray its venom for several feet and its target are usually the eyes of its victim. This poisonous liquid may cause short-term blindness and you should better have some sterile water when it happens since rinsing your eyes can be a solution to this unwanted reaction to the poison. It is also not unusual for you to experience acute pain and notice swells, as well as you may feel that your muscles become weak. In some of the most serious cases, you may also get a respiratory paralysis.
This snake that usually can be found hanging from the trees has pretty dangerous bite and in case you are bitten, you should be acting rapidly. The area that was bitten must be immobilized with the stretch bandage and the victim should be transferred to an emergency room to be observed. If the Blue Temple Viper has attacked you, be careful not to try:
- Suctioning or squeezing the wound
- Treating the wound with ointments
- Massaging the wound
- Cutting the skin
All of these actions may only aggravate your condition since they are actually increasing the amount of the venom that is absorbed. The proper treatment that includes the usage of polyvalent antivenom can be provided:
- At The International SOS Clinics (They can be found in Kuningan, Cipete, and Bali.)
- At The Denpasar General Hospital on the island of Bali
GREEN PIT VIPER
This type of snake is one of the snakes that are mostly found in the area of Jakarta. However, if you stay away from the rice fields and rocky areas, especially in the night when they are usually active, you will not have unpleasant experiences with them. It is not difficult to identify the Green Pit Viper since it has pretty striking features, such as
- Triangular head,
- Bright green body with a red tail (in total about 80 cm long),
- Incredible jumping ability when attacking the victim.
Some of the consequences of its bites are the instant pain and swelling, as well as bleeding and tissue damage.